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Earthbound 360° Video
This is a 360° video! Watch on a phone or tablet using the YouTube app to get the best experience!
This began as just a 360° video test but I started to like the end result so I touched it up a little bit and decided to upload it. YouTube really killed the quality though, I guess 360° videos require more compression. It looks really sharp on my computer.
Music Earthbound - Home Sweet Home Orchestra by The Blake Robinson Synthetic Orchestra:
Fan Video Submission
Nintendo Versus - Mewtwo v. Poo
Who will win?
As amazing and cool the EarthBound Hallowenn Hack is, I felt that the sprite made for Dr. Andonuts in the final boss battle looked a bit goofy, but nonetheless, it was still cool. Here I have made remastered versions of the sprite, because of Halloween, and the fact that Dr. Andonuts being the true villain in my opinion was a very clever twist.
A Myers-Briggs Personality Analysis of Giegue
I posted this essay on Tumblr a while ago, but I thought that the good people of Starmen.NET may also find it interesting. It is 1) a basic explanation of the theory of cognitive functions from which Myers-Briggs personality types are derived, and 2) an analysis of Giegue’s personality, and its influence on his character, based on that theory.
Before we get started, I will provide a concise explanation of the way that the Myers-Briggs typology system works. Don’t worry if it feels confusing, because it kind of is…I will do my best to explain the basics, though.
A lot of people, including many in the Myers & Briggs Foundation, think that a personality type is simply one’s position on a four dimensional spectrum, with Introvert—Extravert, Intuitor—Sensor, Feeler—Thinker, and Perceiver—Judger as the four dimensions. They view these as surface-level variables that are each a spectrum, and believe that no person is “100% introvert or 100% extravert.” This is, however, a fundamental misunderstanding of the Jungian cognitive functions theory on which the Myers-Briggs personality type system is based.
The theory states that our thoughts are based on four cognitive processes: two for processing information (Perceiving), and two for making decisions (Judging). The Perceiving functions are Sensation, which handles sensory inputs from the real world and concrete truths, and iNtuition, which handles concepts, ideas, and underlying patterns. The Judging functions are Thinking, which looks at the facts impartially, and Feeling, which bases decisions primarily on emotions and values.
These four functions are further split into eight, as each can be directed inwardly (introverted), which means it’s conceptualized subjectively in terms of the self, or externally (extroverted), which means it’s conceptualized objectively in terms of what is outside the self. Together, all of the functions are Fe (extraverted Feeling), Fi (introverted Feeling), Te (extraverted Thinking), Ti (introverted Thinking), Se (extraverted Sensing), Si (introverted Sensing), Ne (extraverted iNtuition), and Ni (introverted iNtuition).
Everyone tends to trust and prefer certain functions more than others. This forms a “function stack,” which organizes the functions in terms of how much one trusts and/or uses them. As a general rule, the lowest four functions are unconscious (they are referred to as “shadow functions”), so we will focus on the top four. In order from most to least trustworthy, those are the dominant, the auxiliary, the tertiary, and the inferior function. The functions alternate directions and purposes. For example, an introverted Perceiving function will always be right next to an extraverted Judging function. This stack explains the four-letter “code” of a Myers-Briggs type. The I/E letter tells if the first function is introverted, making someone an “introvert,” or extraverted, making someone an “extravert.” The J letter tells if the first two functions are extraverted Judgment and introverted Perceiving, or the other way around for P. The middle two letters say what kind of Judgment or Perception they are: N or S, and T or F. Hence, the four letter code: I/E, N/S, F/T, P/J.
For example, let us break down the cognitive functions of an INFJ. “N” is the Perceiving function, which “J” says is introverted: Ni. “F” is the Judging function, which “J” says is extraverted: Fe. “I” says that the introverted function is dominant, thus Ni dominant and Fe auxiliary. The tertiary function is the opposite of the auxiliary, and the inferior function is the opposite of the dominant; thus Ni dominant, Fe auxiliary, Ti tertiary, and Se inferior.
If the theory is still confusing, then hopefully it will become more clear in light of a specific example. So, let us move on to one of the most fascinating examples of dissonance between cognitive functions that I personally have ever encountered: Giegue.
Giegue is an ISTJ: Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging. In order from dominant to inferior, his cognitive functions are introverted Sensing (Si), extraverted Thinking (Te), introverted Feeling (Fi), and extraverted iNtuition (Ne). Below is a cognitive function analysis.
Giegue’s dominant function is Si (dominant for IS_J, auxiliary for ES_J, tertiary for IN_P, inferior for EN_P): “Ninten! I am grateful to your family. Your Great-Grandparents, George and Maria raised me. But, George stole vital information from our planet that can be used to betray my people…”
Si is the function that draws sensory information from past experiences. That is putting it lightly, though—strong Si users not only remember the experience but re-live the experience, emotions, details and all. Speaking of details, Si is hardwired to record specifics. In contrast to Se, which draws as much sensory information as possible from the present, Si draws specific information from the past to build an unbending knowledge structure…and has a bad habit of fixating on that structure. If conflicting information enters the scene in an attempt to topple a Si-lover’s knowledge structure, it will not be easily accepted.
Aside from its practical purpose of being a memory database, Si also is usually responsible for the concept of Duty, or Honor, or whatever you want to call it. That is why you tend to find a system of rigid, structured moral rules among traditionalists. As a general rule, Si loves rules. It loves clearly defined boundaries, clearly defined forms of what one should or shouldn’t do, and has a bad habit of being afraid of the unknown. That is why Ne, the chaotic-new-ideas function, is its polar opposite. Si stays with what it knows, and Ne jumps headfirst into everything it doesn’t know.
Giegue’s motivation in the MOTHER / EarthBound series stems from Si in two distinct ways: Duty and Memory. However, he is torn apart when the two motives come into conflict with each other. His duty is to defeat the people of Earth, yet his memories hold him back every step of the way. He cannot help but see Maria when he sets his eyes on Ninten…who takes advantage of Giegue’s intensive memories by exposing him to one of the most emotionally charged memories from his childhood. If Giegue was an Ni-dominant personality—or anything but an Si-dominant, really—he would probably be able to bury his memories with ease, since his first instinct would not be to immediately draw on his past experience in any given situation.
Giegue’s monologue during the final battle of MOTHER felt highly erratic, jumping between the ruthless professionalism of a dictator and the intensely emotional cries of a child. By speaking in this manner, Giegue betrays the inner turmoil between his past and his present—not in the form of recalling impartial facts, but in the form of literally reliving all of the emotions of his childhood. He cannot help but see Maria standing beside Ninten, singing, as he hurls wave after wave of psychic energy at them. Reliving those experiences bursts open the dam holding back his repressed emotions, rendering him unable to complete his mission. This is especially distressing to Giegue, because his mind is wired to carry out his duty with cold efficiency…
Giegue’s auxiliary function is Te (dominant for E_TJ, auxiliary for I_TJ, tertiary for E_FP, inferior for I_FP): “…And now, one of his descendants is obstructing our plans, and must be stopped!! Ninten! I am talking about you! Go home now! Perish with the rest of the ugly Earth People. Foolish one, you cannot do a thing with your meager powers…Powers worthy of a lowly insect.”
Put quite simply, Te is the Bulldozer of Reason. If you do not adhere to Te’s logical system, then why are you getting in its way? Ti usually prefers to keep its logic to itself, and will fix its own problems, thank you very much. Ti has very little desire to adhere to an overarching system or make sense to everyone. However, all of Te’s logic is out in the open. It has no problem delegating, criticizing, or commanding others to do their jobs. It has no problem ignoring Fe’s desire for group harmony and social positivity. It will blow right through any kind of sentiments to implement its logical system, whether or not its user privately harbors doubts. Those doubts, which many would bring to light, are hidden by strong Te-users to prevent from showing weakness. Emotions are to be kept hidden so that they do not interfere.
Giegue’s brash, domineering attitude comes as a result of Te being his favorite extraverted function. His favorite way to deal with the world is to place it on an assembly line, so that he can use it to produce a result. No politeness or sentiment required. Like many unbalanced Te-lovers, Giegue attempted to put his emotions in a bottle, seal the bottle, and finish the job without any “feelings” to get in the way. Needless to say, he fails miserably in his attempt to bottle up his irrational cognitions of love. The intensity of these cognitions shows the function hiding behind the cold mask of his Te.
Giegue’s tertiary function is Fi (dominant for I_FP, auxiliary for E_FP, tertiary for I_TJ, and inferior for E_TJ): “Ninten! You alone, I may save you. Just you alone. Board our Mother Ship with me…”
In contrast to Fe, which emphasizes politeness, altruism, and harmony for all, Fi is focused and directed. Its passion is much more intense than that of Fe-users. Fi keeps its feelings to itself, since they have no business interfering with socialization, but those feelings are often far more powerful than the individual experiencing them would admit.
Above all, Fi wants simply to be happy. It is strongly associated with self-identity, with the desire to understand and accept oneself. If Fe desires harmony above all else, Fi desires joy. Oftentimes, the raw strength of Fi manifests as an incredibly strong relationship, romantic—Romeo (ESFP) and Juliet (INFP) come to mind—or otherwise. Whereas Fe attempts to distribute its positivity equally, being nice to everyone as a policy, Fi often directs itself towards specific causes or individuals.
True to its form as an internalized, underappreciated function, Giegue’s Fi bursts out randomly during the middle of his monologue to Ninten. For sentiment, it wants to save Ninten alone. Just him alone. Ninten, however, refuses, and Giegue immediately buries his Fi out of sight, where it belongs…until Ninten breaks it out again with the metaphorical jackhammer of Maria’s lullaby. All of Giegue’s repressed emotions come pouring out, but since Giegue has little to no experience handling intense emotions in public, his Te-mask shatters and exposes the stew of raw Fi emotions hiding beneath, love and grief and rage and hope and despair. Among those emotions, however, lies an enemy that will later drive Giegue into insanity: Fear.
Giegue’s inferior function is Ne (dominant for EN_P, auxiliary for IN_P, tertiary for ES_J, and inferior for IS_J): “It hurts, Ness…I’m h…a…p…p…y…friends…Ness…I feel g…o…o…d…”
Put simply, Ne is the chaos function. Its practical purpose is to generate large quantities of ideas based on a single occurrence—to draw twenty lines through one data point. Ne is quick wit. After receiving a given input, Ne immediately figures out all of the possible ideas that could come from it, going off on as many random tangents as possible. The key word there, by the way, is “random.” Strong Ne-users tend to be extremely random, which is usually either hilarious, extremely strange, or both. When presented with an option to go left or right, Ne does a backflip.
However, Ne manifests quite differently in the inferior position. The inferior is universally considered the least trustworthy of the four conscious functions and is thereby used the least. Therefore, when the inferior function is a perceiving function, its user does not trust its input. IS_Js will often fear all of the possibilities that they see before they have matured enough to tame their inferior function.
In other words, Giegue is paranoid. Anything that exists outside of his rigid, militaristic structure is deemed untrustworthy. The chaos of emotion is to be stifled, before it upsets the established order. Giegue attempts to transcend the chaos of his feelings by obtaining huge amounts of power. However, partly due to his lack of foresight and partly due to his unwillingness to consider alternatives, Giegue once again commits a terrible irony and becomes the embodiment of Chaos itself. He becomes lost in his inferior function, throwing duty and reason to the wind in his power-induced madness.
That is Giegue for you—a tortured soul who failed in his duty, or a heartless dictator who grew a heart so big that it killed him, or a lost child trying to make sense of the world.
I hope that you found this analysis interesting, and/or that it gave you a new perspective on our favorite noodly alien. Myers-Briggs personality typology, while often justly criticized as unscientific, can provide a large amount of insight into the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of fictional characters. I often find it enlightening as well as entertaining to break down those characters within its framework, and hopefully you can understand why.